Windows 環境に DBD::Oracle をインストールする方法

普段の開発環境はもちろん本番機と同じく Linux で自分の端末にはさらに VMware 上での環境もあるのですが、ちょっとした作業分担のためにデザイナーさんの端末に同じような開発環境を構築することになりました。いろいろと不便があろうかと思い端末のホスト OS である Windows XP 環境下でシステム構築をすることになりました。

結構ノーマルな環境の端末なのでインストールが結構大変。中でも苦労するのがコンパイルを必要とするモジュール達です。極力 ppm 向けに用意された binary を探してきてインストールするわけですがいつもながら苦労するのは Oracle まわり。過去にいろいろ自分の端末での苦しみを思い出すと、VC++ をインストールして nmake を使ってアレコレやってみたものの ActivePerl 5.8 配下ではどうもうまくいかなかった記憶があります。

という経験もありながらもっと簡単な方法は無いものかと考えてみたところ実は凄く簡単でした。と言うわけで自分への備忘録という意味を含めて情報をまとめました。ちなみに、ActivePerl 5.6 向けには DBD-Oracle が配布されているようなので

1. Oracle 9i あたりをインストール
2. ppm install DBD-Oracle

ですんなりいける模様です。※今やってるのは Perl 5.8 なので未確認情報ですけど。
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Windows 環境に DBD::Oracle をインストールする方法

今回インストールを行ったマシンの環境は、Windows XP 32 bit + Oracle 10g + ActivePerl 5.8.8-817 です。
  1. OTN から Oracle Database 10g Release 2 (10.2.0) for Microsoft Windows (32-bit) 30日間トライアル版をダウンロードする
  2. Oracle 10g をインストールする。インストール時に OCI をインストールすること。Oracle Server が別途別環境に立ち上がっていて DBD で接続するために Oracle-Client 版をインストールする場合も基本 OCI のみをインストールすればOK。その他のオプションは適当に使いそうなのを。例えばこんな感じで。

    img04.jpg

  3. Oracle をインストールすると実は Oracle ディレクトリ配下に Oracle 用の Perl がインストールされる。これは Oracle の管理系ツールがこの Perl で動く CGI だからって理由(詳細忘れましたが確か mod_perl でいろいろ動いているはず)なんです。でもって、当然ながら Oracle 社がちゃんと動作するようにコンパイルした DBD-Oracle が同梱されています。

    img08.jpg

    でもってこの MSWin32-x86-multi-thread というディレクトリを C:\Perl\site\lib 配下にぶち込む。ここは手を抜いたので不要なものとかはちゃんと削除しておいた方がベターですけどね。

    img09.jpg

  4. あとはいつも通り $ORACL_HOME\NETWORK/ADMIN/tnsnames.ora をつくって Oracle 周りの設定を淡々と行う。最後に再起動して完了。


以上です。とっても簡単。ようはコピーして再起動だけです。ちなみに Windows 環境の場合はデフォルトの NLS_LANG が sjis になっているので、CGI の中とか httpd.conf とかで NLS_LANG を意図する設定をちゃんと記述してあげないと文字化けします。例えば、面倒なので CGI の頭の方で

$ENV{"NLS_LANG"} = "japanese_japan.ja16euc";

とかやっちゃってもとりあえずは動くかと。あとは適当に sysdate でも取得できるか試せばOK。

use strict;
use DBI;
use Data::Dumper;

$ENV{"NLS_LANG"} = "japanese_japan.ja16euc";
my $dbh = DBI->connect('dbi:Oracle:testdb', 'test', 'test123');
my $csr = $dbconn->prepare("SELECT SYSDATE FROM DUAL");
$csr->execute;
my $rd = $csr->fetchrow_array;
print Dumper($rd);
$dbh->disconnect;

っちゅ〜わけで、DBD-Oracle のインストールに VC++ とか gcc for win とかは不要でした〜という備忘録でした。

__追記__
なんだかよくわからないのですが、別環境で ppm install DBD-Oracle やったら普通にインストールできちゃいました。┐(゚〜゚)┌ (謎)

C:\Perl>ppm install DBD-Oracle
Downloading DBD-Oracle-1.17...done
Unpacking DBD-Oracle-1.17...done
Generating HTML for DBD-Oracle-1.17...done
Installing to site area...done
Downloading DBD-Oracle-1.17 install script...done
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Fetching oci.dll.gz (94 Kb)
  68Kb/94Kb (72.21%)
  94Kb/94Kb (100.00%)
Decompressing.
oci.dll checksum: OK
Fetching oraociei10.dll.gz (28 Mb)
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...snip...
  28Mb/28Mb (100.00%)
Decompressing......................................

oraociei10.dll checksum: OK
done
  18 files installed
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